这是课号 44, 今天的话题是碳足迹和印度的科技行业.
所以, 看看这个标题, 于 6 月在英国《金融时报》网页上发表 12, 2022, 看看你了解多少:
The headline reads:
The first word is ‘tech’. Tech is short for ‘technology’. ‘Tech’ is absolutely acceptable as a replacement term. It’s faster and easier to say than ‘technology’. Tech.
Next, the phrasal verb ‘switch on’. ‘Switch on’ doesn’t mean to ‘switch’ (that is to exchange one thing for something else). No. ‘Switch on’ means to energize. 例如, you ‘switch on’ the lights in your home. 而且当然, if you ‘switch on’, you can also ‘switch off’. ‘Switch on / Switch off’.
所以, what is going on here. 在这种情况下, the tech sector is ‘switching on’ renewable electricity. 所以, 换句话说, the tech sector is using renewable electricity to power their companies.
And ‘renewable electricity’? 出色地, renewable electricity is usually understood to be electricity generated by solar energy, wind energy, biofuel, or hydro energy. This is relatively clean energy compared to dirty non-renewable electricity generated by heavy polluters like coal and gas.
And what does ‘IT’ mean? IT stands for Information Technology. 所以, the really big IT companies, the giants, are finding ways to reduce their so-called ‘carbon footprint’, 换句话说, they are reducing the amount of fossil fuels they rely on to power their companies. Reduce the non-renewable electricity, you reduce the carbon footprint. That’s the goal.
所以, listen again:
India’s tech sector switches on to renewable electricity
The country’s IT giants are finding ways to reduce their carbon footprint
I encourage you to read the article. It is pretty interesting because it describes a new challenge faced by tech companies that are trying to reduce their carbon footprint. You see, on one hand, these IT companies have been successful at reducing their dependence on non-renewable coal generated electricity that powers their corporate offices and installations, 但另一方面, they are now faced with a new problem. How do they measure and reduce the use of non-renewable electricity now being used by all of their workers that now operate out of home offices. That’s a really good question!