Read the lesson in English  
then translate to your own language to verify your understanding.

UN Population Projections

Jul 20, 2022

In this English lesson for economists, we’ll look at some population facts recently released by the United Nations.

See video lesson:


Hi everyone. Today is July 20, 2022.

Well, sometimes the planet feels like a pretty crowded place to be. According to the United Nation’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the global population will continue to grow, but they project that the growth rate will slow.

In a moment, we will look at some key takeaways from this report, but first, let’s review a bit of vocabulary so you can discuss the issue of population growth in English.

Demography: The scientific study of human populations, including their sizes, compositions, distributions, densities, growth, and other characteristics.

Life expectancy: The average period that a person may expect to live.

Fertility rate: A rough definition of “fertility rate” is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime.

To surpass: To exceed. It is a fancy way to say “to pass”.

Here are some key takeaways from the UN report:

•             The world’s population is projected to reach 8 billion on 15 November 2022

•             Global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100.

(That means that population growth is slowing down)

•             Life expectancy at birth for women exceeded that for men by 5.4 years globally. Life expectancy for females is 73.8 years, and for males, it is 68.4 years.

(Women live longer than men)

•             India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2023.

(India will have a larger population than China beginning sometime next year)

•             Total fertility has fallen markedly in recent decades for many countries. Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where fertility is below 2.1 births per woman.

(Women are having fewer children than before)

The report explains that more than half of the projected increase in global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and the United Republic of Tanzania. Managing this booming population will present a serious challenge for policymakers in those countries. It will be felt by other countries, too, as population growth can be a driver of migration if the national economies cannot keep pace.

Okay, students. Remember, you can find the notes to this lesson, and videos of all these podcasts at englishforeconomists.com. Just look under the lessons tab. They are all there.

If you want to practice English vocabulary related to population and demographics, you could also review podcast number 13, which looked at the topic of immigration.

You can also contact me from the webpage if you are interested in taking some private English conversation classes that focus on issues related to the economy. With these classes, I will increase your fluency in no time.

Remember these words and expressions from today’s lesson.

Demography / Life expectancy / Fertility rate / To surpass

Okay. That’s it for now. I will be back next week with another English lesson for economists. See you then. 

Image

What do you think of this lesson?
Do you have any questions or concerns?
Let us know.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Podcasts

Bear Market Rally

Bear Market Rally

https://youtu.be/8fxwG29rrEU   Check out this headline, which was published by Reuter’s yesterday. So what does that mean? Well, first let’s see what a bear market is. A “bear market” describes a situation where the overall stock market drops in value by 20% or...

Reverse Repos

Reverse Repos

  https://youtu.be/GPwIUmIl6nA   Hello everyone. Welcome to the English for Economists. These are short English lessons that are meant especially for people working in economics and finance. This is podcast lesson number 41, and today is May 25, 2022. In...

Digital Payments

Digital Payments

https://youtu.be/g2aGeaQ-fiE   Our English lesson today is about digital payments. This is a fascinating topic, and there is no doubt that over the next few years, economists like you will see a lot of experimentation with different kinds of digital payment...

Solar Geoengineering

Solar Geoengineering

  https://youtu.be/iXxWp1T861s Our English lesson today has to do with climate change and science. Our topic is ‘Solar Geoengineering’, which is one of the solutions that some climate scientists are recommending as a partial solution to the problem of global...

Elon Musk buys Twitter for $44 billion

Elon Musk buys Twitter for $44 billion

https://youtu.be/9KNV15X_an8   Our English vocabulary selection today is about Elon Musk’s purchase of 44 billion dollars worth of shares of  Twitter last week. It was almost impossible to have missed the news, and that’s because Twitter is the favorite social...

Fertilizer Shortage

Fertilizer Shortage

https://youtu.be/wk93MTzZYI8   Our English vocabulary selection today regards fertilizer. You know, fertilizer, the stuff you add to the ground where you are growing plants to make them grow better, and faster. Fertilizer is a very relevant topic since there is...

Share This