Read the lesson in English  
then translate to your own language to verify your understanding.

Solid Waste Management | English Lesson

Jul 19, 2021

This is podcast number three, and today our topic is solid waste management, and by solid waste I mean garbage––refuse––trash!  We humans produce a lot of solid waste–far too much in fact––and that creates all kinds of problems for society, and for our planet, and economists are faced with the challenge of creating incentives for people to create less waste overall, and to dispose of it responsibly.

VOCABULARY

Let’s begin with our key vocabulary. Listen now to these words and expressions along with their definitions. You will hear them used later in context.

  • Solid waste: You probably know what this is, but remember the synonyms garbage and trash.
  • Incinerate: to destroy by burning
  • Air pollution: a mixture of solid particles and gases in the air
  • Dumpsite: a piece of land where waste materials are dumped
  • Dispose of: to get rid of, to throw away
  • Landfill: a place to leave waste material and cover it with soil

Solid waste management mostly deals with municipal solid waste, which is the majority of waste that is created by households, industry, and commerce. Waste management is very expensive for municipalities.

In most developed economies, garbage trucks collect solid waste left outside of homes and businesses. That waste is often incinerated, which means that the waste is burned at high temperatures, sometimes in special plants which produce electricity. When you incinerate waste, you can reduce the volume from 80 to 95 percent.

Not all countries manage their waste disposal well. Some researchers estimate that worldwide approximately 25% of all the municipal solid waste is not collected at all, and a further 25% is mismanaged after collection, which means that it is often burned in open and uncontrolled fires–– creating terrible air pollution––or it can be dumped at informal dumpsites, instead of being disposed at formal, managed landfills.

VOCABULARY SUMMARY

  • Incinerate: to destroy by burning
  • Air pollution: a mixture of solid particles and gases in the air.
  • Dump: to deposit garbage
  • Dumpsite: a piece of land where solid waste is dumped.
  • Dispose of: to get rid of, to throw away.
  • Landfill: a place to dump waste material and cover it with soil.

Conclusion:

That is all for today. The “English for Economists” podcast is new, so share the good news with your friends and colleagues. If you have questions or comments, write to English lessons for Economists. It would be great to hear from you.

Image credit: CC Jason Lawrence

What do you think of this lesson?
Do you have any questions or concerns?
Let us know.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe

Latest Posts

Latest Podcasts

Breakthrough at Talks Spurs Concessions

Breakthrough at Talks Spurs Concessions

Listen to this headline that was published in a newspaper called The Business Standard. Listen closely because this headline is tricky to understand and it contains a lot of information. Breakthrough in Venezuela Talks Spurs US to Ease Embargo Listen again:...

Counterfeit Jewelry

Counterfeit Jewelry

https://open.spotify.com/show/57sAIrb7JQDKODAXgct28K The headline we will use for this class was published in the New York Times on November 21st, 2022. Jewelry Counterfeits: The Age-Old Problem Just Keeps Growing Jewelry counterfeits. What’s that? Jewelry 'are' those...

Collapse of the FTX Crypto Exchange

Collapse of the FTX Crypto Exchange

Welcome to English for Economists, the podcast meant for people working in economics who want to improve their English using real-world, contemporary examples. In this English lesson, we will look at some vocabulary surrounding the recent collapse of FTX, a large...

Windfall Taxes

Windfall Taxes

To understand the word ‘windfall’, it's useful to break it into two parts ‘wind’ and ‘fall’. The wind is the natural movement of air. Wind blows. If the wind blows hard enough, it can make things fall. For example, the word windfall ––which was first used back in the...

Fintech Financing Slump

Fintech Financing Slump

We draw our English lesson today from the Economist Magazine once again, which published an excellent article on October 13th, 2022, titled: Who will survive the fintech bloodbath? Bloodbath! That sounds serious, doesn’t it? Well, it’s not a literal bath of blood, but...

Are Bailouts the ‘New Normal’?

Are Bailouts the ‘New Normal’?

Hi friends. In this lesson, you will see what the word 'bailout' means, and you will also learn the expressions 'to dole out' and 'to turn on the fiscal taps'. Before I get underway, I do want to mention that I was traveling in Europe recently and spent a good deal of...

Share This