Read the lesson in English
then translate to your own language to verify your understanding.

Projections démographiques des Nations Unies

Jul 20, 2022

Dans cette leçon d'anglais pour économistes, nous examinerons certains faits démographiques récemment publiés par les Nations Unies.

Voir la leçon vidéo:

Salut tout le monde. Aujourd'hui c'est juillet 20, 2022.

Bien, sometimes the planet feels like a pretty crowded place to be. According to the United Nation’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the global population will continue to grow, but they project that the growth rate will slow.

In a moment, we will look at some key takeaways from this report, but first, let’s review a bit of vocabulary so you can discuss the issue of population growth in English.

Demography: The scientific study of human populations, including their sizes, compositions, distributions, densities, growth, and other characteristics.

Life expectancy: The average period that a person may expect to live.

Fertility rate: A rough definition of “fertility rate” is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime.

To surpass: To exceed. It is a fancy way to say “to pass”.

Here are some key takeaways from the UN report:

• The world’s population is projected to reach 8 billion on 15 November 2022

• Global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100.

(That means that population growth is slowing down)

• Life expectancy at birth for women exceeded that for men by 5.4 years globally. Life expectancy for females is 73.8 années, and for males, it is 68.4 années.

(Women live longer than men)

• India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2023.

(India will have a larger population than China beginning sometime next year)

• Total fertility has fallen markedly in recent decades for many countries. Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where fertility is below 2.1 births per woman.

(Women are having fewer children than before)

The report explains that more than half of the projected increase in global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and the United Republic of Tanzania. Managing this booming population will present a serious challenge for policymakers in those countries. It will be felt by other countries, too, as population growth can be a driver of migration if the national economies cannot keep pace.

D'accord, students. Remember, you can find the notes to this lesson, and videos of all these podcasts at Just look under the lessons tab. They are all there.

If you want to practice English vocabulary related to population and demographics, you could also review podcast number 13, which looked at the topic of immigration.

You can also contact me from the webpage if you are interested in taking some private English conversation classes that focus on issues related to the economy. Avec ces cours, I will increase your fluency in no time.

Remember these words and expressions from today’s lesson.

Demography / Life expectancy / Fertility rate / To surpass

D'accord. That’s it for now. I will be back next week with another English lesson for economists. See you then.


What do you think of this lesson?
Do you have any questions or concerns?
Let us know.

0 commentaires

Soumettre un commentaire

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Podcasts

Hiring Spree

Hiring Spree

What does ‘hiring spree’ mean? See how it is used in this headline:Good News on Jobs May Mean Bad News Later as Hiring Spree Defies Fed( August 5, 2022)Hiring Spree: a sustained, energetic period of hiring a lot of people. Es un 'boom' de contrataciones....



Dans cette leçon de vocabulaire anglais, vous apprendrez une expression assez nouvelle en anglais: 'ami-étayage'. Headline: Yellen says the U.S. and its allies should use 'friend-shoring' to give supply chains a boost Three words to highlight here: 'alliés', 'ami-étayage', and...

Chute des prix des actifs cryptographiques

Chute des prix des actifs cryptographiques

Salut tout le monde. Aujourd'hui c'est juillet 13, 2022. Bien, vous avez probablement entendu parler de la baisse du prix des actifs cryptographiques. Il a commencé au début de l'année et s'est accéléré récemment. Bitcoin, pour ne citer qu'un exemple, est tombé de $68,000 vers le bas $20,000. ...



Le sujet de cette leçon d'anglais pour économistes est la dollarisation.   Les taux d'inflation ont augmenté partout dans le monde, mais alors que certains pays font face à des taux d'inflation de 5 ou 6 pour cent par an, d'autres pays sont aux prises avec des taux de 5 ou 6...

Le secteur technologique indien et l'empreinte carbone

Le secteur technologique indien et l'empreinte carbone

C'est le numéro de la leçon 44, et le sujet d'aujourd'hui est l'empreinte carbone et le secteur technologique indien. Donc, regarde ce titre, qui a été publié sur la page Web du Financial Times en juin 12, 2022, et vois combien tu comprends: La...

Insécurité alimentaire

Insécurité alimentaire

Découvrez ce titre, qui a été publié par les Nations Unies sur leur page UN News en juin 06, 2022. Décomposons ce titre pour voir ce que cela signifie, et voyez quel vocabulaire peut vous être utile d'utiliser. Le premier mot est...

Partager ceci